Dan Wise, preliminary exam for Ph.D.
Dan Wise preliminary exam for Ph.D. at 1 p.m. on Tuesday, Nov. 29, in the Lory Student Center East Atrium Conference Room.
Investigation into Producer Gas Utilization in High Performance Natural Gas Engines
A wide range of fuels are used in industrial gas fueled engines including well-head gas, pipeline natural gas, producer gas, coal gas, digester gas, landfill gas, and liquefied petroleum gas. Many industrial gas fueled engines operate both at high power density for increased efficiency and at ultra-lean air-fuel ratios for low NOx emissions. These two conditions require that engine operation occurs in a narrow air-fuel ratio band between the limits of misfire and the initiation of knock.
The ability to characterize these limits for a given fuel is essential for efficient and effective engine operation. This work pursues two primary research objectives: (1) to characterize producer gas blends by developing prognostic tools with respect to a given blend’s resistance to knock and (2) to develop a process to determine knock onset for a given fuel gas through direct indication from pressure transducer data at varied air-fuel ratios (ranging from stoichiometric to ultra-lean) as well as varied intake conditions (ranging from naturally aspirated to boosted intake pressures replicating turbocharged engines) and to quantitatively characterize the knock event using discreet and repeatable metrics derived from the analysis of the data.
Producer gas, or bio-mass gasification, plants produce blends of fuel gases that can vary significantly due to the constituent bio-mass materials present at any given time as well as other plant operating conditions. The performance of the producer gas as a fuel for natural gas engines can vary as well, this work seeks to quantify fuel performance of discreet producer gas blends under lean operating conditions and provide effective and repeatable, predictive metrics for producer gas blends that engine designers can utilize to optimize engine performance when using these fuels. Methane number determination for natural gas blends is traditionally performed with research engines at stoichiometric conditions where the onset of knock is identified through subjective audible indication.
In this work, in order to more closely replicate the operating conditions of a typical industrial engine, a Cooperative Fuel Research (CFR F2) engine is modified for boosted fuel/air intake and variable exhaust back pressure (to simulate turbocharger operation) with the incorporation of piezoelectric pressure transducers at the cylinder head to allow quantitative analysis of cylinder pressure conditions and transients precursive to, during, and following a knock event of varying magnitude.
The interpretation of this data will provide for evaluation of unique analytical methods to quantify and characterize engine knock under these conditions.
Event Contact: Denise Morgan can be reached at (970) 491-0924
Sponsored by Mechanical Engineering.
|Calendar Name:||All University Events Calendar|
|Event Category:||Dissertation & Thesis Defenses|
|Start Time:||01:00 PM|
|End Time:||03:00 PM|
|Event Begins On:||Tuesday, November 29, 2011|
|Event Ends On:||Tuesday, November 29, 2011|
|Submitter's Name:||Denise Morgan|